Measuring the cardiovascular effects of propofol anesthesia (Michael Pinsky, Pittsburgh, PA, USA)
Is Swing the Thing?
Responding to fluid responsiveness in the OR: do we have to? (Stefan De Hert, Ghent, Belgium)
What Really Happens Right After You Inject propofol
Front-end kinetics: the first two min after injecting propofol ( Michael Avram, Chicago, IL, USA)
Depth of Anesthesia: Submarines, Switchboards, and Beyond!
The future of depth of anesthesia monitoring: from probabilistic to mechanism-based monitoring (Gerhard Schneider, Münich, Germany)
Long-term Inhaled Agent Administration
Inhaled agent neurotoxicity after prolonged administration (Andrew Kofke, Philadelphia, PA, USA)
As Closed as It Gets
Intravenous sevoflurane (Robert Pearce, Madison, WI, USA )
Inhaled Agent Sedation
Automated low flow sedation (Javier Belda, Valencia, Spain)